Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)

Confronting Africa’s agricultural challenges has the potential to engender inclusive economic growth, benefit smallholder farmers, boost food production and end hunger. The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) is Africa’s policy framework for agricultural transformation, wealth creation, food security and nutrition, economic growth and prosperity for all. In Maputo, Mozambique in 2003, the African Union (AU) Summit made the first declaration on CAADP as an integral part of NEPAD. CAADP is implemented at country-level, while the NEPAD Agency provides implementation support to AU Member States, working closely with the African Union Commission, Regional Economic Communities and development partners. It aims to increase public investment in agriculture by a minimum of 10 per cent of national budgets and to raise agricultural productivity by at least 6 per cent. Specifically, CAADP aims to stimulate and facilitate increased agricultural performance through improvements in policy and institutional environments, access to improved technologies and information, and increased investment financing. As CAADP marked its tenth year of implementation in 2013, it completed a review of its achievements and determined the steps it needed to take to deliver more results over the next decade.
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Despite the fact that 70 per cent of Africa’s young population lives in rural areas and depends on agriculture for their livelihood, more than 20 per cent of Africans are hungry due to unfavourable agricultural policies, climatic stressors, poor technological development and the low cost of agricultural produce.

Specifically, CAADP aims to stimulate and facilitate increased agricultural performance through improvements in policy and institutional environments, access to improved technologies and information, and increased investment financing. As CAADP marked its tenth year of implementation in 2013, it completed a review of its achievements and determined the steps it needed to take to deliver more results over the next decade.

A strategy for sustaining the CAADP momentum was designed on this basis and endorsed at the January 2013 AU Summit, with time-bound results to be achieved in the next five to ten years in the following two main areas: 
•    Capacity and an enabling environment to transform African agriculture;
•    Productivity, production and wealth creation in agriculture.

Under CAADP, African countries are aiming to raise agricultural productivity to at least 6 per cent annually and commit at least 10 per cent of their national budgets to agriculture

CAADP is based on four pillars:
•    Sustainable land management and reliable water control systems
•    Private sector development, rural infrastructure, improved trade and market access
•    Increasing food supply and eliminating hunger, and
•    Agricultural research and dissemination of new agricultural technologies

Results:

Continental Results

A methodology was developed to integrate agricultural public expenditure processes into the Agricultural Joint Sector Review process. Furthermore, as a complementary tool to the revised AU Guidance Note on Agricultural Public Expenditure Review, a guide was developed to promote relatively resource-light and more frequent reviews in the agricultural sector. 

A network of experts in Agricultural Public Expenditure was launched. The network will provide online and on-site support to Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and countries on undertaking public expenditure reviews in the agricultural sector. 

A continental framework for Agricultural Education Skills Improvement (2015–2025) was developed. The framework aims to enhance human capital as a key driver in agricultural transformation. Implementation will commence in 2016. 

As a measure to promote alignment of national and regional policies and strategies in the fisheries sub-sector, a Policy Framework and Reform Strategy (PFRS) was developed in collaboration with the AU Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR). In addition, the indicators to monitor the progress of alignment, as well as a mechanism to support its implementation were developed. A continental platform, the African Platform for Regional Institutions for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic Systems (APRIFAAS) was established. The platform will co-ordinate and facilitate systematic exchange of information between regional fisheries, aquaculture and aquatic institutions; improve dialogue between the different stakeholders; and strengthen the voice of the African stakeholders on fisheries and aquaculture matters in international fora as well as in dialogue processes with partners. A methodology for trade corridor analysis of fish and fisheries products was developed and validated by a continental think tank. 

Draft Guidelines were developed to guide countries in domesticating the continental-level Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Results Framework. The Guidelines highlight an integral component of review, learning and mutual accountability.

 

Regional-level Results

The Agency deployed technical and financial support to various RECs, including: The East African Community (EAC) and the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), where Regional Agriculture Investment Plans were developed. The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), where an independent technical review was undertaken for the Regional Agriculture Investment Plan. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and eight Member States, where technical training was provided to Statistics Bureaus to test real time data collection through the application of interactive templates, in order to monitor high impact indicators for Vision 2063 and other continental and global commitments. ECCAS, where a performance-based Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed in the interests of achieving regional and continental integration. The purpose of the MoU is to establish a framework for cooperation and collaboration that is based on work and fund flow that is targeted for the implementation of high impact projects. A similar MoU was signed with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

 

National-level results

Technical experts were deployed to six countries, including Chad, Congo, Swaziland, Djibouti, Seychelles and Gabon to undertake independent technical reviews of their National Agricultural Investment Plans (NAIPs). 

Technical and advisory support was provided in Cameroon for the CAADP Business Meeting. The NAIP budget is XAF3 550 billion1, of which the government has already secured XAF2 000 billion through the realignment of several ongoing initiatives. 

Technical and advisory support was provided to the Republic of Congo business meeting for Plan National d’Investissement Agricole et de Sécurité Alimentaire et Nutritionnelle (PNIASAN) in which CFA390 billion was agreed on for seven programmes, 26 sub-programmes and 58 activities in agriculture, livestock, forestry and fisheries. The government will cover 70per cent of the cost, development partners 24per cent and the private sector 6per cent. 

Mauritius signed the CAADP Compact during the reporting period, bringing the total number of countries with CAADP Compacts to 44. Support to Mauritius on subsequent stages of the CAADP Roundtable is ongoing. 

Demand-driven, modular, short-term pilot measures for agricultural training (along selected value chains) are offered by public and private agricultural training institutions for young ‘agripreneurs’ and women in Benin (200: of whom 120 are female), Burkina Faso (400: 120), Ghana (400: 120), Kenya (400: 120), Malawi (200: 60) and Togo (200: 60).

Capacities were enhanced in agricultural skills and entrepreneurial and commercial knowledge for trainers, youth and women in selected agricultural training centres in Benin, Burkina Faso and Togo (over 3 000, with women constituting about 30 per cent). Additionally, cooling facilities were donated to six fishing villages in Cameroon to facilitate post-harvest preservation of fish. 

The 2007 ban on fish export from Guinea, caused inter-alia by the weak sanitary control system, was lifted, with technical support from the NEPAD Agency. Furthermore, and purposed on enabling the country to export fish into high-value markets, the NEPAD Agency equipped laboratories at the National Office of Sanitary Control. In addition, 12 laboratory technicians were trained, and a manual of procedures on the sanitary control of fish and fisheries products and services was developed. For Guinea, a set of policies, strategies and plans will be completed in 2016, including the Fisheries Strategic Development Plan, Marine Fisheries Research Plan, Fisheries Investment Plan and Study on Value Chain to Decipher Bottlenecks in the Trade and Policies. 

For Uganda, an Agricultural Risk Assessment was undertaken, highlighting the major risks in the agricultural sector, including plant and animal pests and diseases, price and market volatility, fake inputs, post-harvest losses, and drought spells. Mitigation and adaptation tools will be developed in 2016. Analytical work and country stocktaking were conducted for NAIP implementation and impacts. 

A strategy was developed for post-harvest fish losses for the riparian states (Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Togo, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana) along the Volta Basin and aligned with the Malabo Declaration and the Policy Framework and Reform Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture.

The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) is a good example of a framework that has inspired and energised African agricultural research institutions, farmers’ associations, African governments and the private sector who believe that agriculture has a pivotal role in...

This document is intended as a guiding tool for AU member states and other stakeholders in their efforts to track and report on Government Expenditures for Agriculture as well as to strengthen the efficiency and effectiveness of budget planning, execution and management in the sector. It will...

This Guide presents a framework for preparing annual Agriculture Public Expenditure Reviews and lays down the content and data compilation methods that allow such reports to be produced within approximately three months and about 40 expert days for each of three experts once its framework is...

Based on the Capacity Development Project for Investment and Policy (CAADP - CDPIP) experiences from Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho and Tanzania, this document is a compilation of approaches and resources in nine modules for stakeholders engaged in formulating,...

Following a sluggish start after the signing of the first CAADP country compact in Rwanda, significant momentum has been achieved. By 2009, the CAADP agenda was generating increasing commitments from African governments and Development Partners. The challenge of translating pledges and...

Brochures

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Case Studies

With the purpose of contributing to policy dialogue and knowledge exchange in African agribusiness, the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) in collaboration with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) conducted a study  to assess National...

Communique

The Uganda Agriculture Financing and Investment Conference (the Conference) was successfully held at the Office of the President in Kampala, Uganda, from the 30th to the 31st of August 2016. The conference was cohosted by the Uganda Agribusiness Alliance (UAA acting in its capacity as...

Infographics

Meeting Documents

The 12th CAADP PP will help build a shared understanding of country and regional needs and expectations to roll out the Implementation Strategy and Road Map including launching efforts to form technical partnerships to align with and support...

We, the Heads of State and Government and High Representatives, gathered in Addis Ababa from 13 to 16 July 2015, affirm our strong political commitment to address the challenge of financing and creating an enabling environment at all levels for sustainable development in the spirit of global...

The 2nd Africa Rural Development Forum will be held under the theme “Transforming Africa’s Rural Space through Youth Empowerment, Job Creation and Skills Development.” Specifically, the...

Policy Briefs

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Food and Nutriti on security conti nues to pose a challenge to West African countries taking into considerati on rising populati on growth coupled with dwindling natural resources such as land and the stress posed on water resources by climate change. Vegetable producti on is...

The African Union has set a target to “eliminate hunger and food insecurity by 2025.” Both Agenda 2063 and the African Union Summit decision on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation have reaffirmed this commitment (African Union, 2014, 2015). Unfortunately, Africa is not currently...

In Liberia, investment in Agriculture Rice Value Chain is one of the most eff ecti ve ways to end hunger, improve nutriti on, and drive economic growth and development in country. This can only be done if all the key stakeholders work together to address the issue of high quanti ty rice...

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Policy Report

The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, was endorsed in Maputo, Mozambique in 2003 by African Heads of States, to stimulate the reforms necessary for agriculture to have a positive impact on socio-economic growth and sustainable development. ...

The African Union has set a target to “eliminate hunger and food insecurity by 2025.” Both Agenda 2063 and the African Union Summit decision on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation have reaffirmed this commitment (African Union, 2014, 2015). Unfortunately, Africa is not currently...

Ten years since implementation in 2003, CAADP has enabled 40 African countries to sign CAADP compacts and 32 NAIPs have been drafted. This is the major achievement highlighted in the presentation by Janet Edeme, Head of Rural Economy Division for the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture....

This document presents in matrix format, the list of countries implementing CAADP processes and the progress thereof. The matrix shows that by November 2015, 42 African member states from 5 RECs had signed CAADP compacts and were at various stages of CAADP implementation. ...

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In CAADP, the knowledge ecosystem is the CAADP knowledge intensive environment in which individuals, organisations and networks interact in conjunction with their surroundings - CAADP stakeholders, partners, clients, donors, etc.This CAADP...

Publications

CAADP is Africa’s policy framework for agriculture and agriculture-led development. It is an integral part of the NEPAD. It is within the NEPAD context, that CAADP is able to link and align with development objectives in other sectors, thereby providing for comprehensive and harmonised de¬...

As a celebration of national and regional efforts and achievements, this panorama of country experiences and good practices will not only help intensify the African agriculture transformation underway, but will also promote active participation of citizenry, enhance mutual accountability, and...

Speeches

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Tools and Guidelines

These guidelines are based on a long participatory process that absorbed information from a range of studies, meetings, country visits and events.

 Portuguese Version...

The Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP) Results Framework is an essential component in facilitating CAADP implementation. It presents the critical actions required to achieve agricultural development agenda targets. The indicators are accompanied by baseline data and...

These guidelines are written for all stakeholders committed to building broad and effective coalitions to lead the transformation of African agriculture. This includes Non State Actors themselves, Government bodies, and Development Partners. The guidelines are...

The CAADP Programme of Work is a living document which provides guidance on what set of Outputs and Outcomes are expected at various levels and times thereby guiding the determination of locally appropriate set of actions to implement the CAADP Implementation...

The Guidance Notes provide an overview of the dimensions of capacity to be addressed to achieve the transformational objectives of the CAADP framework. The Guidance Notes outline the principles and core behaviours that represent the required capacity
development in the...

Sustaining the CAADP Momentum to Spur Agriculture Transformation: Achieving Malabo targets through four thematic areas

This document is a contribution to the achievement of the Malabo Declaration Goals of Africa’s agricultural growth and

...

The post-compact review provides guidelines and milestones that need to be fulfilled in order to realise implementation of Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) (write out in full)  after the signing of a CAADP Compact. It sets the road map to facilitate successful...

The guide aims to summarise best practices emerging from three years of implementation efforts, and to answer questions that arise in practice. It contains suggested tools or steps to enable all actors in national agricultural value chains to engage effectively in agriculture...

17 January 2017
The NEPAD Agency’s successful support towards development of programmes for fisheries reform in Ghana and Sierra Leone, has led to increased interest by a number of countries in Africa seeking...
03 November 2016
Biofortification aims to increase nutrient levels in crops during plant growth (for example through biofortified seeds), rather than through manual means during processing of the crops. It presents a...
05 October 2016
A new joint venture between the NEPAD Agency and the IDS will advocate for and hold political leaders to account in their efforts to tackle hunger and malnutrition; one of the biggest development...
13 September 2016
The NEPAD Agency and the Pardee Center for International Futures launched a report that helps to put in perspective the magnitude of the task ‘to zero hunger by 2025,’ while highlighting the major...
09 September 2016
The 2nd Africa Rural Development Forum started on a high note in Yaounde, Cameroon, with experts agreeing that there is a need to come up with an implementable strategy to transform rural areas into...
  • 03 Nov 2016

    At the continental level the CAADP Partnership Platform and the CAADP Partnership Platform Business Meeting have emerged as fora unique to CAADP and providing the “space” for the shared-learning and joint planning and mutual accountability, respectively. The CAADP PP Business Meeting enables...

  • 11 Apr 2016

    "Innovative Financing and Renewed Partnerships to accelerate CAADP Implementation"

    12-14 April 2016, Accra, Ghana

    The 12th CAADP PP is organised on 11-15 April 2016 in Accra, Ghana,...

Contact:

Email: MwanjaN@nepad.org

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