Food and Nutrition Security

Reducing poverty and hunger through agriculture-led growth is central to the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). Improvements in agricultural production and productivity, and even in food security, do not automatically translate to improved nutritional outcomes, and can even have negative impacts on nutrition. As political commitment to nutrition is increasing, agriculture and food security interventions must be specifically designed to address hunger and malnutrition problems. 

The Food and Nutrition Security Programme undertakes studies/research, builds capacity for policy makers and programme experts across sectors and supports implementation. The goal of the Programme is to reduce hunger and malnutrition of the vulnerable populations focusing on evidence based policies and programmes. To enhance and sustain the nutrition focused momentum within CAADP over the next decade, the food and nutrition programme seeks to build on and scale up programme activities around the following broad thematic areas, namely maternal and child nutrition, food fortification and bio-fortification, dietary diversity and home grown school feeding.

DID YOU KNOW?
Africa has the highest proportion of people (one third) suffering from chronic hunger, a problem that is both persistent and widespread. The continent also has widespread micronutrient deficiencies while at the same time facing mounting evidence of a nutrition transition associated with economic development and urbanisation that is bringing about increases in over-nutrition and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). At the same time the number of underweight children in the continent has almost doubled since 1980 and is forecast to be 25 per cent higher in 2015 than in 1990. Malnutrition is both a cause and consequence of the devastating burden of poverty in the continent.

Reducing poverty and hunger through agriculture-led growth is central to the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). Improvements in agricultural production and productivity, and even in food security, do not automatically translate to improved nutritional outcomes, and can even have negative impacts on nutrition. As political commitment to nutrition is increasing, agriculture and food security interventions must be specifically designed to address hunger and malnutrition problems.  

The Food and Nutrition Security Programme undertakes studies/research, builds capacity for policy makers and programme experts across sectors and supports implementation. The goal of the Programme is to reduce hunger and malnutrition of the vulnerable populations focusing on evidence based policies and programmes. To enhance and sustain the nutrition focused momentum within CAADP over the next decade, the food and nutrition programme seeks to build on and scale up programme activities around the following broad thematic areas, namely maternal and child nutrition, food fortification and bio-fortification, dietary diversity and home grown school feeding.

Results:

CAADP is an opportunity for agriculture to engage in the “nutrition momentum” and facilitate concrete actions for nutrition security through improved agricultural practises and overall food systems.  The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and the African Union Commission (AUC) launched a nutrition initiative to strengthen capacity for addressing nutrition through the formulation and implementation of National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans. This has been done in collaboration with Regional Economic Communities and with the support of FAO, USAID, and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.  The regional workshops, at the heart of the Nutrition strategy, bring together country teams to share their experiences and develop action plans and roadmaps for maximizing the nutritional impact of agriculture investment plans.

Country implementation support

The Food and Nutrition Security Programme is increasing country-level momentum and heightening the profile of agriculture as a key partner in nutrition. Across Scaling-Up-Nutrition countries, there has been significant progress in the implementation of nutrition actions. At the same time, this energy and commitment at country level is mirrored by a number of regional and global processes that aim to support national efforts. These include CAADP’s strategy for African Food Security, which continues to provide a vehicle to bring the agriculture, food security and nutrition agendas closer together.

NEPAD will continue to engage with multi-sectoral teams at country level to enhance understanding of nutrition, intensify dialogue and mutual understanding of each sector's role in improving nutrition, and agree on practical steps for nutrition actions on the ground.

Key deliverables at country level include:

  • Nutrition Country Papers – The Nutrition Papers summarise nutrition relevant information on the food, agriculture, health and socio-economic situation in African countries. These papers form part of the Nutrition Country Papers being drafted in preparation for the Second International Conference on Nutrition/ (ICN2).

  • Country Roadmaps – The roadmaps from 50 countries in Africa, define how nutrition should be mainstreamed in agriculture investment plans and describe the actions to be taken to ensure recommendations are integrated and implemented.

  • Measuring the Cost of Hunger in Africa: The overarching objective of the multi-country study led by the AUC, NEPAD, WFP and UNECA, was to catalyse coordinated action and inform the design of nutrition-oriented policy frameworks and programmes, with greater investments to eradicate child undernutrition on the continent.The first phase of this study was completed in 4 countries (Egypt, Ethiopia, Swaziland and Uganda) and the second phase was implemented in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and Rwanda

10 Key findings from “Measuring the Cost of hunger” study in the first and second phase countries:

1. Africa's share in the world's undernourished population has increased from 18 to 28 percent.

2. Only one in five children suffering from undernutrition occur before the child reaches the age of one year.

3. Most health costs associated with undernutrition occur before the child reaches the age of one year.

4. Between 7 to 18 percent of repetitions in schools are associated with stunting.

5. Stunted children achieve 0.2 to 1.5 years less in school eradication.

6. Eight to 33 percent of all child mortality is associated with undernutrition.

7. Child mortality associated with undernutrition has reduced national workforces by 1 to 13.7 percent.

8. 40 to 67 percent of current working-age population suffered from stunting as children.

9. The annual costs associated with child underbutrition are estimated at 1.9 to 16.5 percent of the equivalent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

10. Improving the nutritional status of children is a priority that needs urgent policy attention to accelerate socio-economic progress and development in Africa. 

 

Regional implementation support:

This effort represents the largest capacity development initiative on agriculture programming for nutrition in Africa, in terms of the numbers of countries and stakeholders involved, and one of the most significant contributions to the operationalization of the concept of “nutrition-sensitive development” as applied to the agriculture sector.  

The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) is a good example of a framework that has inspired and energised African agricultural research institutions, farmers’ associations, African governments and the private sector who believe that agriculture has a pivotal role in...

Infographics

NEPAD Overview of Nutrition in Africa as a response to the Malabo/CAADP Commitments to end hunger and malnutrition by 2025.

Meeting Documents

Africa is the only continent where the number of undernourished people is increasing with there being now over 230 million, meaning that one person out of five does not have an adequate amount of food. While Asia has succeeded in reducing its prevalence of childhood stunting from 49% in 1990 to...

Policy Briefs

The Nutrition Scorecard for Africa stems from the 2015 Global Nutrition Report. The scorecard aims to provide a measurement tool on the progress made at country level to effectively reduce malnutrition in Africa. The data collected from various countries across the continent provides an...

Policy Report

The NEPAD Agency’s Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition thematic area and specifically the CAADP Implementation Support Programme aims to catalyse transformation of Africa’s agricultural systems and stimulate increased and sustainable...

Tools and Guidelines

One of the aims of the Resource Framework on Home Grown School Meals is to provide technical reference for governments on the design, implementation and up scaling of sustainable Homs Grown School Meals (HGSM) programmes. This synopsis of the Resource Framework is divided into three modules...

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05 October 2016
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25 July 2016
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Contact:

Contact Person: Boitumelo Mabusela
Email: BoitumeloM@nepad.org

 

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