Although gender has been on the international development agenda for a long time, many inequalities remain and the role of women in fisheries and aquaculture is often not documented and hence undervalued.
While consideration of age is important in gender analysis, youth also needs specific attention in its own right. Youth are very often hit by unemployment and limited access to resources and services.
Therefore, policy makers should improve the availability of gender and age disaggregated socio-economic data, including data on youth employment in fisheries and aquaculture, and ensure that meaningful analyses is shared to inform policy development planning and design processes, including in the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).
Governments should make available funds for institutional capacity building, especially with regard to women and youth organisations, and for longer-term tranformatory change processes.
Governments should support effective participation of women and youth in decision making processes (with regard to trade, fisheries management, aquaculture development and investment planning).
National Governments and Regional Economic Communities (RECs) should adopt a value chain approach to take broader trade issues, climate change impact and the financial performance of the sector into account, in order to define support required for improving women and youth labour productivity, working conditions and unpaid work by women.
Governments should strengthen inter-sectoral approaches and partnerships to meet the needs of youth and women and close the gender gap (access to services and resources, decision making power for how services and resources are used, pay and opportunity legislation).
Policymakers should address sexual and gender-based violence and vulnerability factors affecting women and youth by changing perceptions as well as social and cultural norms and offering adequate social protection.
Global efforts should be directed at eliminating child labour and providing an enabling environment for youth employment and youth friendly financial and health services.